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Of the many components of a building superstructure, the roof is directly and metaphorically associated with the idea of shelter and the act of dwelling, in all cultures. The top covering of a structure, the crown of the figurative building (body), holds a prominent place for its aesthetic and functional contribution. The building envelope reflects the human response to climatic considerations, form generation, aesthetic value addition, and functional integrity, and the roof of our homes characterize these very inherent qualities explicitly.
The attributes of a rooftop are needy upon the motivation behind the structure that it covers the accessible roofing materials and the neighbourhood customs of development and more extensive ideas of engineering plan and practice and may likewise be represented by nearby or public enactment. In many nations, a rooftop ensures protection against rain, snow, and heat. The state of rooftops varies enormously from area to region. Aesthetically, how a rooftop is planned can have a significant effect on the engineering plan, besides influencing its usefulness, which ranges from draining water to providing thermal insulation, to perform adequately for the expected longevity of the structure, and provide a desired and unblemished appearance.
Since the purpose of a rooftop is to protect individuals and their assets from climatic components, the protecting properties of a rooftop are a thought in its construction and the decision of roofing material. We will further on in this article zero in on the form, function, and material sensibility adding to the aesthetic appeal of rooftops that specifically characterize our home designs.
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Flat roofs are easiest to construct compared to others and are characterized by modernist and minimalist style homes especially. This particular roof type is preferred in areas of negligible or no rainfall/snowfall, and especially in hot and arid conditions. Its simplicity and accessibility, add to the usage of this particular roof as an extended living space in the hot summers of many Indian regions, and also aid in the process of rainwater harvesting. Flat roofs, as the name suggests have little to no pitch; a shallow slope of around 1-2 degrees is placed to drain water.
Pitched Hip Roofs
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Hip roofs are the most common pitched styles apart from the gable roofs, for homes and cottages. A hip roof slopes on all four slides as compared to the gable which has two sloping slides. This roof style is an expression of native Indian, vernacular dwellings of south India. Their design allows for ample cross ventilation and vaulted ceilings or attics and is frequently designed as a combination of gable roofs for variety. Concrete, asphalt, metal, vernacular Mangalore tiles/shingles accentuate its beauty and design while also providing protection from severe climatic conditions.
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The Mansard roof is closely related to the gambrel style of roof pitching and is characteristic of French Renaissance architecture. This roof type has no gables and is made up of four directional slopes, two on each side of the home. The design is usually considered very eclectic and showcases a high aesthetic appeal to homes. The design s such that the lowest slope is steeper than the upper one and its unique aesthetic intervention allows for an extra living space or storage at the top of homes.
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The Saltbox rooftop is a special style that gives some dazzling beautiful sight to spectators and is preferred by people who want high aesthetic appeal for their homes. It includes a fairly long asymmetrical pitch and two sides with differentiating long/short lengths. Saltbox rooftops are generally highlighted on homes that have only one story on one side and two stories on the other side. The saltbox configuration will in general give more wind opposition than a standard gable-roofed house.
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Curved roofs as the name suggests, are similar to that of skillion roofs (where the slope faces glazing of the western sky, largely associated with a single cross-section of home), except that the planes are curved here. It is an aesthetic addition to the functional requirements of the hat skillion roof provided to drain off rainwater. The curve of the roof plane depends on the aesthetic accentuation one would desire, ranging from slight to arch-shaped, creating unique curb appeals. The slope ratios would depend on functionality, say the lower the slope, the better for windy conditions; and the higher slope is preferable for water runoffs.
Green and Solar Roofs
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An extreme combination of aesthetic and supreme functionality, green roofs and solar roofs are the latest trend in roof designs that characterise our home designs. A value addition in terms of insulation, environmental friendliness, green and solar roofs both can be seamlessly installed into your existing systems as well. This is type of roof characteristic that works well for flat and pitched roofs both, only drawback being the regular maintenance and high installation cost.